The City of Cambridge Fire Department has a Fire Prevention division that helps the community learn about preventing fires and other safety hazards, including the rules and regulations for carbon monoxide and smoke alarms.

Smoke alarms

Every home must have working smoke alarms on every level and outside sleeping areas. It is the law! Smoke alarms provide early warning and time to leave when there's a fire. A large portion of fire deaths in the home occur at night, while sleeping.

Installation and maintenance

Since smoke rises, install smoke alarms on the ceiling or high on the wall. Avoid placing them close to bathrooms, heating appliances, windows or fans. For more protection, install alarms inside bedrooms.

Homeowners must install and maintain smoke alarms on every level of the home and outside sleeping areas. Landlords must also comply with the same law as homeowners, installing and maintaining smoke alarms for their tenants. Tenants must contact their landlord if they do not have the required smoke alarms. It is against the law for a tenant to tamper with a smoke alarm.

Smoke alarm safety checklist

Stay safe by following our smoke alarm safety checklist:

  • Test smoke alarms monthly.
  • Change the batteries at least once per year.
  • Gently vacuum once a year with soft brush.
  • Replace smoke alarm when they exceed the recommended life cycle (usually 10 years). Replace an alarm earlier if it is not working correctly or damaged.

Learn more about smoke alarm safety.

Types of smoke alarms

There are several types of smoke alarms. Electricity or battery, or a mix of both can power alarms. Many alarms have a pause feature, which you can use to silence an alarm for a brief period.

Smoke alarms with high decibel alarms or strobe lights are available for the hearing impaired. Visit the Canadian Hearing Society for more information.

Carbon monoxide alarms

As of April 2015, it's the law to install carbon monoxide (CO) alarms next to all sleeping areas if your home has:

  • A fuel-burning appliance
  • A fireplace
  • An attached garage

Quick facts about carbon monoxide

Here are some quick facts about CO:

  • CO is a colourless, tasteless and odourless gas.
  • Fuels that do not have enough air to burn completely produce CO gas.
  • Any device that burns fuels can produce CO gas, including stoves, fireplaces, generators and engines.
  • Exposure to CO gas can cause flu symptoms.
  • At high levels, CO gas can cause loss of consciousness or death.

Learn more about carbon monoxide prevention.